The Scriptural & Traditional Virgin Mary

I will put enmities between thee and the woman,
and thy seed and her seed:
Genesis 3, 15

"Truly elect, and superior to all, not by the altitude of lofty structures,
but as excelling all in the greatness and purity of sublime and divine virtues,
and having no affinity with sin whatever.”
Germanus of Constantinople
Marracci in S. Germani Mariali
(ante A.D. 733)


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she shall crush thy head,
and thou shalt lie in wait for her heel.’
Genesis 3, 15 {DRB}

“Consequently, then, Mary the Virgin is found to be obedient, saying, ‘Behold,
O Lord, your handmaid; be it done to me according to your word.’ …Thus, the
knot of Eve’s disobedience was loosed by the obedience of Mary. What the
virgin Eve had bound in unbelief, the Virgin Mary loosed through faith.”
St. Irenaeus, Against Heresies 3:22:24
[A.D. 189] 



And the angel being come in, said unto her:
Hail, full of grace, the Lord is with thee:
blessed art thou among women.
Luke 1, 28

“Mary, a Virgin not only undefiled but a Virgin whom grace
has made inviolate, free of every stain of sin.”
St. Ambrose, Sermon 22:30
(A.D. 388)


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Behold thou shalt conceive in thy womb, and shalt bring forth a son; and thou
shalt call his name Jesus. He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the
Highest; and the Lord God shall give unto him the throne of David his father;
and he shall reign in the house of Jacob for ever. And of his kingdom there
shall be no end. And Mary said to the angel: How shall this be done, because I
know not man
? And the angel answering, said to her: The Holy Ghost shall
come upon thee, and the power of the Most High shall overshadow thee. And,
therefore, also the Holy which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of
God.
Luke 1, 31-35

“Her virginity also itself was on this account more pleasing and accepted, in that it
was not that Christ being conceived in her rescued it beforehand from a husband
who would violate it, Himself to preserve it; but, before He was conceived, chose
it, already dedicated to God, as that from which to be born. This is shown by the
words which Mary spake in answer to the Angel announcing to her conception;
‘How, saith she, shall this be, seeing I know not a man?’ which she assuredly would
not say, unless she had before vowed herself unto God as a virgin.”
St. Augustine, Of Holy Virginity
(A.D. 401)


And Mary said, “Behold, I am the handmaid of the Lord.
May it be done to me according to your word.”
Luke 1, 38

“He became man by the Virgin so that the course which was taken by
disobedience in the beginning through the agency of the serpent might be also the
very course by which it would be put down. Eve, a virgin and undefiled, conceived
the word of the serpent and bore disobedience and death. But the Virgin Mary
received faith and joy when the angel Gabriel announced to her the glad tidings
that the Spirit of the Lord would come upon her and the power of the Most High
would overshadow her, for which reason the Holy One being born of her is the
Son of God. And she replied, ‘Be it done unto me according to your word.”
St. Justin Martyr, Dialogue with Trypho 100
(155 AD)


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When Elizabeth heard Mary's greeting,
the infant leaped in her womb,
and Elizabeth, filled with the Holy Spirit,
cried out in a loud voice and said,
“Most blessed are you among women,
and blessed is the fruit of your womb.”
Luke 1, 41-42

“You alone and your Mother are more beautiful than any others,
for there is no blemish in you nor any stains upon your Mother.
Who of my children can compare in beauty to these?”
St. Ephraem of Syria, Nisibene Hymns 27:8
(A.D. 361)


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And whence is this to me,
 that the mother of my Lord should come to me?
Luke 1, 43

“At that time, the Savior coming from the Virgin, the Ark, brought forth His own
Body into the world from that Ark, which was gilded with pure gold within by the
Word, and without by the Holy Ghost; so that the truth was shown forth, and the
Ark was manifested…. And the Savior came into the world bearing the
incorruptible Ark, that is to say His own body.”
St. Hippolytus, In Daniel Vl
(c. A.D.205)


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For behold as soon as the voice of thy salutation sounded in my ears,
the infant in my womb leaped for joy.
Luke 1, 44

 “God has ordained that she (Mary) should assist us in everything.”
– St, Basil the Great (A.D. 379)


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“Blessed are you who believed
that what was spoken to you by the Lord
would be fulfilled.”
Luke 1, 45

“But the Lord Christ, the fruit of the Virgin, did not pronounce the breasts of
women blessed, nor selected them to give nourishment; but when the kind and
loving Father had rained down the Word, Himself became spiritual nourishment to
the good. O mystic marvel! The universal Father is one, and one the universal
Word; and the Holy Spirit is one and the same everywhere, and one is the only
virgin mother. I love to call her the Church. This mother, when alone, had not milk,
because alone she was not a woman. But she is once virgin and mother, pure as a
virgin, loving as a mother. And calling her children to her, she nurses them with holy
milk, viz., with the Word for childhood.”
St. Clement of Alexandria, Paedagogos, I:6
(A.D.202)

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And Mary said,
“My soul glorifies the Lord,
and my spirit rejoices in God my Savior,
for he has been mindful of the humble state of his servant.
From henceforth all generations shall call me blessed;
for He who is mighty has done great things to me,
and holy is His name."
Luke 1:46-49

“The Holy Virgin is herself both an honourable temple of God and a shrine made
pure, and a golden altar of whole burnt offerings. By reason of her surpassing
purity she is the Divine incense of oblation (π
ροθσεως), and oil of the holy
grace, and a precious vase bearing in itself the true nard; yea and the priestly
diadem revealing the good pleasure of God, whom she alone approacheth holy in
body and soul. She is the door that looks eastward, and by the comings in and
goings forth the whole earth is illuminated. The fertile olive from which the Holy
Spirit took the fleshly slip (or twig) of the Lord, and saved the suffering race of
men. She is the boast of virgins, and the joy of mothers; the declaration of
archangels, even as it was spoken: “Be thou glad and rejoice, the Lord with thee”;
and again, “from thee”; in order that He may make new once more the dead
through sin. ”
St. Gregory Thaumaturgus, On the Holy Mother of God
(A.D. 270)


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And while they were there,
the time came for her to be delivered.
Luke 2, 6

“And concerning His birth, the same prophet [Isaiah] says in another
place, ‘Before she who was in labor gave birth, and before the birth-pains
came on, she was delivered of a male child’ (Isaiah 66:7). Thus, he indicated
His unexpected and extraordinary birth from the Virgin.”
St. Irenaeus, Proof of the Apostolic Preaching, 54
(A.D.190)


And when the time came for their purification according to the
law of Moses, they brought him up to Jerusalem to present him
to the Lord (as it is written in the law of the Lord, “Every male
that opens the womb shall be called holy to the Lord”) and to
offer a sacrifice according to what is said in the law of the Lord,
“a pair of turtledoves, or two young pigeons.”
Luke 2, 22-24

The Word will become flesh,
and the Son of God the son of man--
the Pure One opening purely that pure womb,
which generates men unto God.”
St. Irenaeus , Against Heresies, 4, 33, 12
(A.D. 180-190)


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And Simeon blessed them,
and said to Mary his mother:
Behold this child is set for the fall,
and for the resurrection of many in Israel,
and for a sign which shall be contradicted:
And thy own soul a sword shall pierce,
that, out of many hearts,
thoughts may be revealed.
Luke 2, 34-35

Eve brought in sin by means of a tree; Mary,
on the contrary, brought in Good by means of
the tree of the Cross.”
St. Gregory of Nyssa
Sermon on the Nativity of Christ
(A.D. 395)


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And the wine failing, the mother of Jesus saith to him:
They have no wine. And Jesus saith to her: Woman, what is
that to me and to thee? My hour is not yet come. His mother saith
to the waiters: Whatsoever he shall say to you, do ye.
John 2, 3-5

“With the Mediator you are the Mediatrix of all the world.”
St. Ephraem of Syria, Syri opera graeca latine, v.3
(A.D. 373)


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When Jesus therefore had seen his mother and the disciple standing
whom he loved, he saith to his mother: Woman, behold thy son.  After that,
he saith to the disciple: Behold thy mother. And from that hour, the disciple
took her to his own.
John 19, 26-27

For if Mary, as those declare who with sound mind extol her, had no other son
but Jesus, and yet Jesus says to His mother, Woman, behold thy son,’ and not
Behold you have this son also,’ then He virtually said to her, Lo, this is Jesus,
whom thou didst bear.’ Is it not the case that everyone who is perfect lives himself
no longer, but Christ lives in him; and if Christ lives in him, then it is said of him to
Mary, Behold thy son Christ.’”
Origen, Commentary on John, I:6
(A.D. 232)


“Behold, from now on shall all generations call me blessed;
for the Almighty has done great things for me,a
and holy is his name.”
Luke 1, 48-49

“It was fitting that the she, who had kept her virginity intact in childbirth, should
keep her own body free from all corruption even after death. It was fitting that she,
who had carried the Creator as a child at her breast, should dwell in the divine
tabernacles. It was fitting that the spouse, whom the Father had taken to himself,
should live in the divine mansions. It was fitting that she, who had seen her Son
upon the cross and who had thereby received into her heart the sword of sorrow
which she had escaped when giving birth to him, should look upon him as he sits
with the Father, it was fitting that God’s Mother should possess what belongs to
her Son, and that she should be honoured by every creature as the Mother and
as the handmaid of God.”
St. John Damascene, Dormition of Mary
(ante A.D. 749)


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A great sign appeared in heaven: a woman clothed with the sun,
with the moon under her feet and a crown of twelve stars on her head.
Revelation 12, 1

“The bright spiritual dawn of the Sun of Justice, [our Lady Mary], has gone to
dwell and shine in His brilliance; she is called there by the one who rose from her,
and who gives light to all things. Through her, that overwhelming radiance pours
the rays of His sunshine upon us, in mercy and compassion, rekindling the souls of
the faithful to imitate, as far as they can, His divine kindness and goodness. For
Christ our God, who put on living and intelligent flesh, which He took from the
ever-Virgin and the Holy Spirit, has called her to Himself and invested her with
an incorruptibility touching all her corporeal frame; He has glorified her beyond all
measure of glory, so that she, His holy Mother, might share His inheritance…“the
Queen of mortal man, the most holy Mother of God.”
St. Modestus of Jerusalem
On the Dormition of the Most Holy Mother of God
(ante A.D. 634)

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Ave Maria!

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